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YokoKanno
Yoko Kanno (菅野 よう子 Kanno Yoko?), who has gone under the alias Gabriela Robin and Robin Robinson, is a Japanese composer, arranger, performer and music producer. She was born on March 18, 1963 in Sendai City, Miyagi prefecture.[1] She mainly works in animation, video games, commercials, dramas and films.[2]

She is a regular collaborator of Shinichiro Watanabe and Shōji Kawamori, the latter of which's projects include Vision of Escaflowne, Macross Plus, Earth Girl Arjuna, Genesis of Aquarion and Macross Frontier. She arranged the single "Good job!", reuniting her with Megumi Nakajima and May'n, which was released in January 2018 during the Macross series' 35th anniversary collaboration event with Tokyo Sky Tree, "Macross 35th BLUE MOON SHOWCASE at Tokyo Skytree". "Good Job!" was also created to commemorate the tenth anniversary of the Macross Frontier's television broadcast.

She has composed a thousand commercial songs for the advertising industry, and is called the "Queen of CM Song". She also spent nine years producing music for Maaya Sakamoto. In 2011, her hometown of Miyagi prefecture was devastated by the Tohoku earthquake, and she responded by composing support songs for the relief efforts.[3] In 2018, she was invited be a member of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences for the the Academy Awards.[4]

She is managed by Grand Funk Inc. and record label FlyingDog. She was married to cellist Hajime Mizoguchi.

Musical InfluencesEdit

From classical to folk music, rock, techno and idol pop, Kanno's work incorporates elements of a wide variety of music genres, from east and west. When director Shinichiro Watanabe was listening to her demo tape for the first time, he was surprised how a single woman could produce such music.[5] Gundam creator Yoshiyuki Tomino made a similar statement, "Is this a woman doing this job?"[6] Kanno has no set genre, once saying, "It feels like I'm digging out the sound from the work itself."

As seen in her early works, Macross Plus, Vision of Escaflowne and Cowboy Bebop, Kanno prefers "long tunes and sounds akin to a fixed schedule and rhythm" and enjoys combining jazz and techno and compared it to mismatched sex, as both get bored along the way. In order to make the her audience not get bored with her compositions, she concluded that her music had a tendency to be dark (high calorie, fat).[7] She doesn't enjoy the repetitive minimal development found in club music, and was against director Watanabe and screenwriter / musician Dai Sato selecting the remixer for "Cowboy Bebop Remixes: Music for Freelance".[8] She didn't consider that music, saying "it's just uncomfortable because it sounded like a machine ringing,". After her work in Cowboy Bebop, she worked yet again with fellow musician Dai Sato on Ghost in the Shell: Stand Alone Complex, where they adopted the "four strikes" beat to "mimic the consciousness of the work world". Sato described her as a "musical tsundere" who had the innate ability to uncover the glorious part of a genre that she personally did not like.

When making a song, Kanno says it should flow into your head in a complete form so that you can play the tape, expressing it as similar to "the cassette tape is falling".[9] During meetings with clients, she would often improvise music while listening to the parties concerned discuss story details, etc.[10] She has become so good at this that she could write the score of another song at the same time. Rather than focus on the specific content of the work, she thinks about the director's intent, asking herself, "What does the person want to do?" She is so prolific that she sometimes composes songs that were not ordered by her clients.[11]

ReferencesEdit

  1. Tetsuo 100% Profile
  2. Masako Furukawa "Portrait of Contemporary Composers Yoko Kanno", "Asahi Shimbun Weekly AERA " (October 21, 2013 issue), Asahi Shimbun Publications pp. 56-60
  3. "Macross F" Yoko Kanno's earthquake stricken area support song draws massive response of about 300,000 views on YouTube in 24 hours." Cinema Today. (March 16, 2011)
  4. US Academy Awards New members include Mamoru Hosoda, Sunao Katagiri, Makoto Shinkai, and Yoko Kanno
  5. Interview with Watanabe Shinichiro” “Continued Vol. 46”, page 94.
  6. Munetoshi Munetoshi "The World of Yoko Kanno" "Anison Magazine Vol. 2" Yosensha, 2009, p. 37.
  7. Anno Interview with Konno” “Continued Vol. 46”, page 89.
  8. Sato Univ. "A cute and majestic muse" "Yurika Poetry and Criticism Special Feature Yoko Yokono", pp. 59-60.
  9. Yoshino Kuwano Kiseki behind the Scenes" "Animage 2009 June" Tokuma Shoten, 2009, p. 113.
  10. Anno Interview with Kanno” “Continued Vol. 46”, page 89.
  11. "Composition of more than a thousand songs such as "Macros F" - Musician Yoko Kanno talks about composition and composition" "My Navi News. (July 29, 2010)


External LinksEdit

Credits
Companies
Artdink | Artland | Atelier Musa | Atelier Platz | Bandai Visual | BANDAI NAMCO Entertainment | Big West | FlyingDog | SANKYO | Satelight | Studio Nue | Tatsunoko Production | Victor Entertainment
Musicians / Singers
Akino Arai | Haruka Chisuga | Melody Chubak | Mika Doi | Yoshiki Fukuyama | Kuniaki Haishima | JUNNA | Kentarō Haneda | Mari Iijima | Chie Kajiura | Hiroko Kasahara | Kazuhiko Kato | Yoko Kanno | Mina Kubota | Ami Koshimizu | May'n | Megumi Nakajima | Nozomi Nishida | Minori Suzuki | Maaya Sakamoto | Saeko Suzuki | Nao Tōyama | TOMISIRO | Kiyono Yasuno
Voice Actors
Arihiro Hase | Shô Hayami | Mika Doi | Eri Takeda | Akira Kamiya | Run Sasaki | Nobutoshi Canna | Tomo Sakurai | Aya Endo | Ami Koshimizu | Yuuma Uchida | KENN | Asami Seto | Akiko Nakagawa
Directors
Tetsurō Amino | Noboru Ishiguro | Ichirō Itano | Shōji Kawamori | Yasuhito Kikuchi | Shinichirō Watanabe | Kenji Yasuda
Mechanical Designers
Kazumi Fujita | Shōji Kawamori | Studio Nue | Kazutaka Miyatake | Shigeru Morita | Koichi Ohata | Kunio Okawara | Hidetaka Tenjin
Character Designers
Risa Ebata | Katsumi Enami | Majiro | Hirotaka Marufuji | Haruhiko Mikimoto
Other Staff
Masahiro Chiba | Tsuneyuki Enomoto | Ukyō Kodachi | Akira Inoue | Iso Mitsuo | Koji Morimoto | Toshizo Nemoto | Noriyoshi Ohrai | Hiroshi Ônogi | Thomas Romain | Yoshiyuki Takani | Sukehiro Tomita
TV Series Super Dimension Fortress Macross | Super Dimensional Fortress Macross II: Lovers Again | Macross 7 | Macross Frontier | Macross Δ
Events Unification Wars | Space War I | Sharon Apple Incident | Protodeviln War | Vajra War
Movies The Super Dimension Fortress Macross: Do You Remember Love? | Macross Plus Movie Edition | Super Dimensional Fortress Macross II: The Movie | Macross Frontier Movie: The False Songstress | Macross Frontier Movie: The Wings of Goodbye | Macross FB7 Galaxy Flow Soul: Listen to My Song! | Macross Δ Movie: Passionate Walküre | Macross Δ Movie: Absolute Live
OVA The Super Dimension Fortress Macross: Flash Back 2012 | Macross Plus | Macross 7: Encore | Macross 7 the Movie: The Galaxy's Calling Me! | Macross Dynamite 7 | Macross Zero
Books Misa Hayase: White Reminiscences | My Fair Minmay | Macross Ace | Macross Dynamite 7: Mylene Beat | Shōji Kawamori Macross Design Works | Macross Chronicle | Macross 7: Trash | Macross Plus: TAC Name | Macross The Ride | Macross 7th Chord | Super Dimension Fortress Macross The First | Macross F ~Secret Visions~ | Macross Δ Manga | Macross Δ Gaiden: Macross E | Macross Δ: Kuroki Tsubasa no Shiro Kishi | Macross Δ: Ginga wo Michibiku Utahime | Variable Master File | Macross Δ: Girl of Al Shahal
Video Games Super Dimension Fortress Macross (Famicom) | Super Spacefortress Macross | The Super Dimension Fortress Macross 2036 | The Super Dimension Fortress Macross: Eternal Love Song | Super Dimensional Fortress Macross II (Arcade) | The Super Dimension Fortress Macross: Remember Me | Super Dimension Fortress Macross: Scrambled Valkyrie | The Super Dimension Fortress Macross: Skull Leader | The Super Dimension Fortress Macross: Love Stories | The Super Dimension Fortress Macross: Skull Leader Complete Pack | Macross Plus (Arcade) | Macross Digital Mission VF-X | The Super Dimension Fortress Macross: Do You Remember Love? (Game) | Macross VF-X2 | Macross 7 -Shake the Heart of the Galaxy- | Macross Plus Game Edition | Macross M3 | The Super Dimension Macross: Aiuchi Typing Valkyrie | The Super Dimension Fortress Macross | Macross Ace Frontier | Macross Triangle Frontier | Macross Ultimate Frontier | CR Fever Super Dimension Fortress Macross | My Boyfriend is a Pilot 2012 | Macross 30: The Voice that Connects the Galaxy | Macross Card Fighter | Pachislot Macross Frontier | Macross Δ Scramble | Uta Macross Sma-Pho De-Culture | P Fever Macross Δ
ONA / Short Film All That VF - Macross 25th Anniversary Air Show | Macross 7 Plus | Macross Fufonfia | Delta Mini-Theater
Concerts Macross One Night Stand | Mylene Night | Macross 25th Anniversary Live: Minmay meets Fire Bomber | Macross Crossover Live A.D. 2009x45x49 | Macross Crossover Live 30 | Fire Bomber 2014 Basara Explosion | ANIME SYMPHONY JAPAN PREMIUM CONCERT MACROSS 35th × Macross F 10th Anniversary | Macross Crossover Live 2019
Drama / Character Album The Super Dimension Fortress Macross Vol. III MISS D.J. | The Super Dimension Fortress Macross Vol. IV Distantly Fading Memories | The Super Dimension Fortress Macross Vol. V Rhapsody In Love | Macross 7 Docking Festival | Macross 7 CD Cinema 1: Mellow Heart Beat | Macross 7 CD Cinema 2: Melodious Illusion | Macross 7 CD Cinema 3: Galaxy Song Battle | Macross Generation | The Super Dimension Fortress Macross Inside Story~Macross Classic | Macross Frontier Drama CD◎Nyan Dra Dra1 | Macross Frontier Drama CD◎Nyan Dra Dra2 | Macross Frontier Drama CD◎Nyan Dra Dra3 | Macross Frontier Drama CD◎Nyan Dra Dra4
Others Macross 15th Anniversary | Macross 30th Anniversary Project | Macross: The Museum | Macross The Musicalture | Macross: The Museum ver.2.Δ | Macross Modelers | Macross Blue Moon Show Case in Tokyo SkyTree | Macross: The Art 1982-2018 | Macross Bakuon Film Festival | Macross Boys | All Macross Big Voting | Macross Won’t Stop | Shoji Kawamori Expo
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